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1 ASSIGN

Creates a logical name and assigns an equivalence string, or a list of strings, to the specified logical name. If you specify an existing logical name, the new equivalence name replaces the existing equivalence name. Removes all jobs from one queue and merges them into another existing queue (see /MERGE). Assigns, or redirects, a logical queue to a single execution queue (see /QUEUE). Format ASSIGN equivalence-name[,...] logical-name[:] 2 Parameters equivalence-name[,...] Specifies a character string of 1 to 255 characters. Defines the equivalence name, usually a file specification, device name, or other logical name, to be associated with the logical name in the specified logical name table. If the string contains other than uppercase alphanumeric, dollar sign ($), or underscore (_) characters, enclose it in quotation marks (" "). Use two sets of quotation marks ("" "") to denote an actual quotation mark within the string. Specifying more than one equivalence name for a logical name creates a search list. When you specify an equivalence name that will be used as a file specification, you must include the punctuation marks (colons (:), brackets ([]), and periods (.)) that would be required if the equivalence name were used directly as a file specification. Therefore, if you specify a device name as an equivalence name, terminate the device name with a colon. The ASSIGN command allows you to assign the same logical name to more than one equivalence name. When you specify more than one equivalence name for a logical name, you create a search list. For more information on search lists, see the OpenVMS User's Manual. logical-name[:] Specifies the logical name string, which is a character string containing up to 255 characters. You choose a logical name to represent the equivalence name in the specified logical name table. If the string contains other than uppercase alphanumeric, dollar sign, or underscore characters, enclose it in quotation marks. Use two sets of quotation marks to denote an actual quotation mark. If you terminate the logical-name parameter with a colon, the system removes the colon before placing the name in a logical name table. (This differs from the DEFINE command, which saves the colon.) If the logical name is to be entered into the process directory (LNM$PROCESS_DIRECTORY) or system directory (LNM$SYSTEM_DIRECTORY) logical name tables, then the name may only have from 1 to 31 alphanumeric characters (including the dollar sign and underscore). By default, the logical name is placed in the process logical name table. If the logical name contains any characters other than alphanumeric characters, the dollar sign, or the underscore, enclose the name in quotation marks. If the logical name contains quotation marks, enclose the name in quotation marks and use two sets of quotation marks in the places where you want one set of quotation marks to occur. Note that if you enclose a name in quotation marks, the case of alphabetic characters is preserved. 2 Qualifiers /EXECUTIVE_MODE Requires SYSNAM (system logical name) privilege. Creates an executive-mode logical name. If you specify executive mode, but do not have SYSNAM privilege, a supervisor-mode logical name is created. The mode of the logical name must be the same as or external to (less privileged than) the mode of the table in which you are placing the name. /GROUP Requires SYSPRV (system privilege) or GRPNAM (group logical name) privilege. Places the logical name in the group logical name table. Other users who have the same group number in their user identification codes (UICs) can access the logical name. The /GROUP qualifier is synonymous with the /TABLE=LNM$GROUP qualifier. /JOB Places the logical name in the jobwide logical name table. All processes within the same job tree as the process creating the logical name can access the logical name. The /JOB qualifier is synonymous with the /TABLE=LNM$JOB qualifier. /LOG /LOG (default) /NOLOG Displays a message when a new logical name supersedes an existing name. /NAME_ATTRIBUTES /NAME_ATTRIBUTES[=(keyword[,...])] Specifies the attributes for a logical name. By default, no attributes are set. You can specify the following keywords for attributes: CONFINE Does not copy the logical name into a spawned subprocess; this keyword is relevant only for logical names in a private table. NO_ALIAS Prohibits creation of logical names with the same name in an outer (less privileged) access mode within the specified table. If another logical name with the same name and an outer access mode already exists in this table, the name is deleted. If you specify only one keyword, you can omit the parentheses. Only the attributes you specify are set. /PROCESS /PROCESS (default) Places the logical name in the process logical name table. The /PROCESS qualifier is synonymous with the /TABLE=LNM$PROCESS qualifier. /SUPERVISOR_MODE /SUPERVISOR_MODE (default) Creates a supervisor-mode logical name in the specified table. /SYSTEM Requires SYSNAM (system logical name) or SYSPRV (system privilege) privilege. Places the logical name in the system logical name table. All system users can access the logical name. The /SYSTEM qualifier is synonymous with the /TABLE=LNM$SYSTEM qualifier. /TABLE /TABLE=name Requires write (W) access to the table if the table is shareable. Specifies the logical name table in which the logical name is to be entered. You can use the /TABLE qualifier to specify a user- defined logical name table (created with the CREATE/NAME_TABLE command); to specify the process, job, group, or system logical name tables; or to specify the process or system logical name directory tables. If you specify the table name using a logical name that has more than one translation, the logical name is placed in the first table found. For example, if you specify ASSIGN/TABLE=LNM$FILE_ DEV and LNM$FILE_DEV is equated to LNM$PROCESS, LNM$JOB, LNM$GROUP, and LNM$SYSTEM, then the logical name is placed in LNM$PROCESS. If you do not explicitly specify the /TABLE qualifier, the default is the /TABLE=LNM$PROCESS qualifier. /TRANSLATION_ATTRIBUTES /TRANSLATION_ATTRIBUTES[=(keyword[,...])] Equivalence-name qualifier. Specifies attributes of the equivalence-name parameter. Possible keywords are as follows: CONCEALED Indicates that the equivalence string is the name of a concealed device. When a concealed device name is defined, the system displays the logical name, rather than the equivalence string, in messages that refer to the device. If you specified the CONCEALED attribute, then the equivalence string must be a physical device name. TERMINAL Indicates that the equivalence string should not be translated iteratively; logical name translation should terminate with the current equivalence string. If you specify only one keyword, you can omit the parentheses. Only the attributes you specify are set. Note that different equivalence strings of the same logical name can have different translation attributes specified. /USER_MODE Creates a user-mode logical name in the specified table. If you specify a user-mode logical name in the process logical name table, that logical name is used for the execution of a single image only; user-mode entries are deleted from the logical name table when any image executing in the process exits; that is, after any DCL command that executes an image or user program completes execution. Also, user-mode logical names are automatically deleted when invoking and exiting a command procedure. 2 Examples 1.$ ASSIGN $DISK1:[ACCOUNTS.MEMOS] MEMOSD The ASSIGN command in this example equates the partial file specification $DISK1:[ACCOUNTS.MEMOS] to the logical name MEMOSD. 2.$ ASSIGN/USER_MODE $DISK1:[ACCOUNTS.MEMOS]WATER.TXT TM1 The ASSIGN command in this example equates the logical name TM1 to a file specification. After the next image runs, the logical name is deassigned automatically. 3.$ ASSIGN XXX1:[CHARLES] CHARLIE $ PRINT CHARLIE:TEST.DAT Job 274 entered on queue SYS$PRINT The ASSIGN command in this example associates the logical name CHARLIE with the directory name [CHARLES] on the disk XXX1. Subsequent references to the logical name CHARLIE result in the correspondence between the logical name CHARLIE and the disk and directory specified. The PRINT command queues a copy of the file XXX1:[CHARLES]TEST.DAT to the system printer. 4.$ ASSIGN YYY2: TEMP: $ SHOW LOGICAL TEMP "TEMP" = "YYY2:" (LNM$PROCESS_TABLE) $ DEASSIGN TEMP The ASSIGN command in this example equates the logical name TEMP to the device YYY2. TEMP is created in supervisor mode and placed in the process logical name table. The SHOW LOGICAL command verifies that the logical name assignment was made. Note that the logical name TEMP was terminated with a colon in the ASSIGN command, but that the command interpreter deleted the colon before placing the name in the logical name table. Thus, you can specify TEMP without a colon in the subsequent DEASSIGN command. You should omit the colon in the SHOW LOGICAL command (for example, SHOW LOGICAL TEMP). 5.$ MOUNT TTT1: MASTER TAPE $ ASSIGN TAPE:NAMES.DAT PAYROLL $ RUN PAYROLL . . . The MOUNT command in this example establishes the logical name TAPE for the device TTT1, which has the volume labeled MASTER mounted on it. The ASSIGN command equates the logical name PAYROLL with the file named NAMES.DAT on the logical device TAPE. Thus, an OPEN request in a program referring to the logical name PAYROLL results in the correspondence between the logical name PAYROLL and the file NAMES.DAT on the tape whose volume label is MASTER. 6.$ CREATE/NAME_TABLE TABLE1 $ ASSIGN/TABLE=LNM$PROCESS_DIRECTORY TABLE1,- _$ LNM$PROCESS,LNM$JOB,LNM$GROUP,LNM$SYSTEM LNM$FILE_DEV $ ASSIGN/TABLE=TABLE1 - _$ /TRANSLATION_ATTRIBUTES=CONCEALED DBA1: WORK_DISK The CREATE/NAME_TABLE command in this example creates the process private logical name table TABLE1. The first ASSIGN command ensures that TABLE1 is searched first in any logical name translation of a file specification or device name (because TABLE1 is the first item in the equivalence string for the logical name LNM$FILE_DEV, which determines the default search sequence of logical name tables whenever a device or file specification is translated). The second ASSIGN command assigns the logical name WORK_DISK to the physical device DBA1, and places the name in TABLE1. The logical name has the concealed attribute. Therefore, the logical name WORK_DISK will be displayed in system messages. 7.$ ASSIGN/TABLE=LNM$PROCESS/TABLE=LNM$GROUP DBA0: SYSFILES $ SHOW LOGICAL SYSFILES "SYSFILES" = "DBA0:" (LNM$GROUP_000240) The ASSIGN command in this example contains conflicting qualifiers. When you specify conflicting qualifiers, the ASSIGN command uses the last qualifier specified. The response from the SHOW LOGICAL command indicates that the name was placed in the group logical name table. 8.$ ASSIGN/TABLE=LNM$GROUP 'F$TRNLNM("SYS$COMMAND")' TERMINAL %DCL-I-SUPERSEDE, previous value of TERMINAL has been superseded The ASSIGN command in this example uses the lexical function F$TRNLNM to translate the logical name SYS$COMMAND and use the result as the equivalence name for the logical name TERMINAL. The message from the ASSIGN command indicates that an entry for the logical name TERMINAL already existed in the group logical name table, and that the new entry has replaced the previous one. If this command is used in a LOGIN.COM file, the entry for TERMINAL will be redefined at the beginning of each terminal session. The current process and any subprocesses it creates can execute images that use the logical name TERMINAL to write messages to the current terminal device. 9.$ ASSIGN DALLAS::DMA1: DATA The ASSIGN command in this example associates the logical name DATA with the device specification DMA1 on remote node DALLAS. Subsequent references to the logical name DATA result in references to the disk on the remote node. 10$ CREATE AVERAGE.COM $ ASSIGN/USER_MODE SYS$COMMAND: SYS$INPUT $ EDIT/EDT AVERAGE.FOR $ FORTRAN AVERAGE $ LINK AVERAGE $ RUN AVERAGE 87 80 90 9999 $ EXIT <Ctrl/Z> $ @AVERAGE.COM The CREATE command in this example creates the command procedure AVERAGE.COM. Then the command procedure is executed. The command procedure uses the ASSIGN command with the /USER_ MODE qualifier to change temporarily the value of SYS$INPUT. When the EDT editor is invoked, it accepts input from the terminal. This allows you to create or modify the program AVERAGE.FOR interactively. When you exit from EDT, SYS$INPUT is reassigned to its original value (the input stream provided by the command procedure). Thus, when the program AVERAGE.FOR is ready to accept input, it looks for that input in the command procedure. 2 /MERGE Removes all jobs from one queue and merges them into another existing queue. This command does not affect jobs that are executing. Requires manage (M) access to both queues. Format ASSIGN/MERGE target-queue[:] source-queue[:] 3 Parameters target-queue[:] Specifies the name of the queue into which the jobs are being merged. source-queue[:] Specifies the name of the queue from which the jobs are being removed. 3 Example $ STOP/QUEUE/NEXT LPB0 $ STOP/QUEUE/REQUEUE=LPA0 LPB0 $ ASSIGN/MERGE LPA0 LPB0 In this example, the STOP/QUEUE/NEXT command prevents another job from executing on queue LPB0. The STOP/QUEUE/REQUEUE command requeues the current job running on LPB0 to the target queue LPA0. The ASSIGN/MERGE command removes the remaining jobs from the LPB0 printer queue and places them in the LPA0 printer queue. 2 /QUEUE Assigns, or redirects, a logical queue to a single execution queue. The ASSIGN/QUEUE command can be used only with printer or terminal queues. Requires manage (M) access to both queues. Format ASSIGN/QUEUE queue-name[:] logical-queue-name[:] 3 Parameters queue-name[:] Specifies the name of the execution queue. The queue cannot be a logical queue, a generic queue, or a batch queue. logical-queue-name[:] Specifies the name of the logical queue. 3 Examples 1.$ INITIALIZE/QUEUE/DEFAULT=FLAG=ONE/START LPA0 $ INITIALIZE/QUEUE TEST_QUEUE $ ASSIGN/QUEUE LPA0 TEST_QUEUE $ START/QUEUE TEST_QUEUE This example first initializes and starts the printer queue LPA0. The LPA0 queue is set to have a flag page precede each job. The second INITIALIZE/QUEUE command creates the logical queue TEST_QUEUE. The ASSIGN/QUEUE command assigns the logical queue TEST_QUEUE to the printer queue LPA0. The START/QUEUE command starts the logical queue. 2.$ INITIALIZE/QUEUE/START LPB0 The ASSIGN/QUEUE command is not needed in this example because a logical queue is not being initialized. A printer queue is being initialized; LPB0 is the name of a line printer. After you enter the INITIALIZE/QUEUE/START command, jobs can be queued to LPB0 for printing.

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