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1 READ

Reads a single record from a specified input file and assigns the record's contents to a specified symbol name. Format READ logical-name[:] symbol-name 2 Parameters logical-name[:] Specifies the logical name of the input file from which a record is to be read. Use the logical name assigned by the OPEN command when the file was opened. (The OPEN command assigns a logical name to a file and places the name in the process logical name table.) In addition, you can specify the process-permanent files identified by the logical names SYS$INPUT, SYS$OUTPUT, SYS$ERROR, and SYS$COMMAND. symbol-name Specifies the name of a symbol to be equated to the contents of the record. The name must be 1 to 255 alphanumeric characters and must start with an alphabetic letter, an underscore (_), or a dollar sign ($). When you specify a symbol name for the READ command, the command interpreter places the symbol name in the local symbol table for the current command level. If the symbol has already been defined, the READ command redefines it to the new value being read. 2 Qualifiers /DELETE Deletes a record from an indexed file after it has been read. An indexed file must be opened with the /READ and /WRITE qualifiers in order to use the READ/DELETE command. /END_OF_FILE /END_OF_FILE=label Transfers control to the location specified by the label keyword (in the current command procedure) when the end of the file is reached. When the last record in the file is read, the OpenVMS Record Management Services (RMS) returns an error condition indicating the end-of-file (EOF). If the /END_OF_FILE qualifier is specified, the command interpreter transfers control to the command line at the specified label. If the /END_OF_FILE qualifier is not specified, control is given to the error label specified with the /ERROR qualifier when the end of the file is reached. If neither the /ERROR nor the /END_ OF_FILE qualifier is specified, then the current ON condition action is taken. /ERROR /ERROR=label Transfers control to the location specified by the label keyword (in the current command procedure) when a read error occurs. If no error routine is specified and an error occurs during the reading of the file, the current ON condition action is taken. Overrides any ON condition action specified. If an error occurs and the target label is successfully given control, the reserved global symbol $STATUS retains the error code. /INDEX /INDEX=n Specifies the index (n) to be used to look up keys when reading an indexed file. If you do not specify the /INDEX qualifier, the most recent /INDEX qualifier value is used. If a previous value was not specified, the primary index is used (/INDEX=0). /KEY /KEY=string Reads a record with the key that matches the specified character string. Binary and integer keys are not allowed. This qualifier, when used together with the /INDEX qualifier, allows you random access to indexed files. Key matches are made by comparing the characters in the /KEY string to characters in the record key. To read records at random in an indexed file, you must specify the /KEY qualifier. Once a record is read randomly, all subsequent reads without the /KEY qualifier access records in the indexed file sequentially. /MATCH /MATCH=option Specifies the key match algorithm to be used when searching for matching keys. Specify one of the following options: EQ Selects keys equal to the match value (default). GE Selects keys greater than or equal to the match value. GT Selects keys greater than the specified key. If you are reading indexed files and you do not use the /MATCH qualifier, the default is /MATCH=EQ. /NOLOCK Specifies that the record to be read not be locked and enables a record to be read that has been locked by other accessors. By default, records are locked as they are read and unlocked on the next I/O operation on the file. /PROMPT /PROMPT=string Specifies an alternate prompt string to be displayed when reading from the terminal. The default prompt string is DATA:. /TIME_OUT /TIME_OUT=n /NOTIME_OUT (default) Specifies the number of seconds after which the READ command is terminated if no input is received. If you enter the /TIME_OUT qualifier, you must specify a value from 0 to 255. If you enter both the /ERROR=label and /TIME_OUT qualifiers, and the time limit expires, the error branch is taken. 2 Examples 1.$ OPEN IN NAMES.DAT $ LOOP: $ READ/END_OF_FILE=ENDIT IN NAME . . . $ GOTO LOOP $ ENDIT: $ CLOSE IN The OPEN command opens the file NAMES.DAT for input and assigns it the logical name of IN. The READ command reads records from the file IN and places the contents into the symbol NAME. The READ command specifies the label ENDIT to receive control when the last record in the file has been read. The procedure loops until all records in the file have been processed. 2.$ READ/ERROR=READERR/END_OF_FILE=OKAY MSGFILE CODE . . . $ READERR: $ CLOSE MSGFILE . . . $ OKAY: $ CLOSE MSGFILE $ EXIT The READ command reads records from the file MSGFILE and places the contents into the symbol CODE. The READ command also uses the /ERROR and /END_OF_FILE qualifiers to specify labels to receive control at the end-of-file (EOF) and on error conditions. At the EOF, control is transferred to the label OKAY. On other read errors, control is transferred to the READERR label. 3.$ READ SYS$COMMAND DATA_LINE $ WRITE OUTPUT_FILE DATA_LINE . . . The READ command requests data from the current SYS$COMMAND device. If the command procedure containing these lines is executed interactively, the command issues a prompt to the terminal, accepts a line of data, and equates the data entered to the symbol name DATA_LINE. Then the WRITE command writes the value of the symbol DATA_LINE to the file identified by the logical name OUTPUT_FILE. 4.$ OPEN/READ INPUT_FILE TRNTO::INVENTORY.DAT $ OPEN/APPEND OUTPUT_FILE RECEIVE.DAT $ READ INPUT_FILE DATA_LINE $ WRITE OUTPUT_FILE DATA_LINE The OPEN/READ command opens the file INVENTORY.DAT at the remote node TRNTO for reading and assigns it the logical name INPUT_FILE. The OPEN/APPEND command opens the file RECEIVE.DAT in the current default directory. The READ command requests data from the file INVENTORY.DAT at the remote node TRNTO. The WRITE command writes the value of the symbol DATA_LINE to the end of the local file RECEIVE.DAT.

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