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1 SUBMIT

Queues one or more files containing command procedures to a batch queue. Requires submit (S) access to the queue. Format SUBMIT filespec[,...] 2 Parameter filespec[,...] Specifies one or more files containing command procedures. The asterisk (*) and the percent sign (%) wildcard characters are allowed in the directory specification, file name, file type, and version number fields. The default file type is that of the preceding file. If no previous file specification contains an explicit file type, the default file type is COM. If you specify more than one file, separate the file specifications with either commas (,) or plus signs (+). If you specify a node name, you must use the /REMOTE qualifier. 2 Qualifiers /AFTER /AFTER=time /NOAFTER Requests that the job be held until after a specific time. If the specified time has passed already, the job is processed immediately. You can specify time as either absolute time or as a combination of absolute and delta times. For complete information on specifying time values, see the OpenVMS User's Manual or the topic SPECIFY Date_Time in online help. In an OpenVMS Cluster, a batch job submitted to execute at a specific time may begin execution a little before or after the requested time. This occurs when the clocks of the member systems in the OpenVMS Cluster are not synchronized. For example, a job submitted using the DCL command SUBMIT/AFTER=TOMORROW may execute at 11:58 P.M. relative to the host system's clock. This problem can occur in a cluster even if a job is run on the same machine from which it was submitted, because the redundancy built into the batch/print system allows more than one job controller in the cluster to receive a timer asynchronous system trap (AST) for the job and, thus, to schedule it for execution. Moreover, this behavior is exacerbated if the batch job immediately resubmits itself to run the next day using the same SUBMIT command. This can result in having multiple instances of the job executing simultaneously because TOMORROW (after midnight) might be only a minute or two in the future. A solution to this problem is to place the SUBMIT command in a command procedure that begins with a WAIT command, where the delta-time specified in the WAIT command is greater than the maximum difference in time between any two systems in the cluster. Use the SHOW TIME command on each system to determine this difference in time. Use the SYSMAN command CONFIGURATION SET TIME to synchronize clocks on the cluster. For complete information on the SYSMAN command CONFIGURATION SET TIME, see the OpenVMS System Management Utilities Reference Manual. /BACKUP /BACKUP /NOBACKUP Modifies the time value specified with the /BEFORE or the /SINCE qualifier. The /BACKUP qualifier selects files according to the dates of their most recent backups. This qualifier is incompatible with the /CREATED, /EXPIRED, and /MODIFIED qualifiers, which also allow you to select files according to time attributes. If you specify none of these four time qualifiers, the default is the /CREATED qualifier. /BEFORE /BEFORE[=time] /NOBEFORE Selects only those files dated prior to the specified time. You can specify time as absolute time, as a combination of absolute and delta times, or as one of the following keywords: BOOT, LOGIN, TODAY (default), TOMORROW, or YESTERDAY. Specify one of the following qualifiers with the /BEFORE qualifier to indicate the time attribute to be used as the basis for selection: /BACKUP, /CREATED (default), /EXPIRED, or /MODIFIED. For complete information on specifying time values, see the OpenVMS User's Manual or the topic SPECIFY Date_Time in online help. /BY_OWNER /BY_OWNER[=uic] /NOBY_OWNER Selects only those files whose owner user identification code (UIC) matches the specified owner UIC. The default UIC is that of the current process. Specify the UIC by using standard UIC format as described in the OpenVMS User's Manual. /CHARACTERISTICS /CHARACTERISTICS=(characteristic[,...]) Specifies the name or numbers of one or more characteristics to be associated with the the job. Characteristics can refer to such things as color of ink. If you specify only one characteristic, you can omit the parentheses. A characteristic's number must range from 0 to 127. To see which characteristics have been defined for your system, use the SHOW QUEUE/CHARACTERISTICS command. To see which characteristics are associated with a particular queue, use the SHOW QUEUE/FULL command. A job can be executed on a queue only if none, some, or all of the characteristics associated with the queue also are associated with the job. That is, the job's characteristics must be a subset of the queue's characteristics. However, if any of the characteristics associated with the job are not associated with the queue, the job remains pending until one or more of the following occurs: o The characteristics specified with the queue are changed to make the job's characteristics a subset of the queue's characteristics (using, for example, the SET QUEUE /CHARACTERISTICS command). o The characteristics specified with the job are changed to make the job's characteristics a subset of the queue's characteristics (using, for example, the SET ENTRY /CHARACTERISTICS command). o The job is moved to a queue on which all the job's characteristics have been specified (using, for example, the SET ENTRY/REQUEUE command). o The job is deleted (using, for example, the DELETE/ENTRY command). /CLI /CLI=filename Specifies the command language interpreter (CLI) to be used to process the job. The file specification assumes the device name SYS$SYSTEM: and the file type EXE (SYS$SYSTEM:filename.EXE). The default CLI is that defined in the user authorization file (UAF). /CONFIRM /CONFIRM /NOCONFIRM (default) Controls whether a request is issued before each submit operation to confirm that the operation should be performed on that file. The following responses are valid: YES NO QUIT TRUE FALSE Ctrl/Z 1 0 ALL <Return> You can use any combination of uppercase and lowercase letters for word responses. You can abbreviate word responses to one or more letters (for example, T, TR, or TRU for TRUE), but these abbreviations must be unique. Affirmative answers are YES, TRUE, and 1. Negative answers include: NO, FALSE, 0, and pressing the Return key. Entering QUIT or pressing Ctrl/Z indicates that you want to stop processing the command at that point. When you respond by entering ALL, the command continues to process, but no further prompts are given. If you type a response other than one of those in the list, DCL issues an error message and redisplays the prompt. /CPUTIME /CPUTIME=time Defines a CPU time limit for the batch job. You can specify time as delta time, 0, INFINITE, or NONE. If the queue on which the job executes has a defined CPUMAXIMUM value, the smaller of the SUBMIT command and queue values is used. If the queue on which the job executes does not have a specified maximum CPU time limit, the smaller of the SUBMIT command and user authorization file (UAF) values is used. If the queue on which the job executes does not have a specified maximum CPU time limit and the UAF has a specified CPU time limit of NONE, either the value 0 or the keyword INFINITE allows unlimited CPU time. If you specify the keyword NONE, the specified queue or UAF value is used. CPU time values must be greater than or equal to the number specified by the system parameter PQL_MCPULM. /CREATED /CREATED (default) /NOCREATED Modifies the time value specified with the /BEFORE or the /SINCE qualifier. The /CREATED qualifier selects files based on their dates of creation. This qualifier is incompatible with the /BACKUP, /EXPIRED, and /MODIFIED qualifiers, which also allow you to select files according to time attributes. If you specify none of these four time qualifiers, the default is the /CREATED qualifier. /DELETE /DELETE /NODELETE (default) Positional qualifier. Controls whether files are deleted after processing. If you specify the /DELETE qualifier after the SUBMIT command name, all files in the job are deleted after processing. If you specify the /DELETE qualifier after a file specification, only that file is deleted after it is processed. For the /DELETE qualifier to work, the protection code on the input files must allow delete (D) access to the user identification code (UIC) of the user submitting the job. If delete (D) access is not allowed, or if any file in the command parameter list cannot be opened as input, command processing stops and no batch job is created. /EXCLUDE /EXCLUDE=(filespec[,...]) /NOEXCLUDE Excludes the specified files from the submit operation. You can include a directory but not a device in the file specification. The asterisk (*) and the percent sign (%) wildcard characters are allowed in the file specification. If you specify only one file, you can omit the parentheses. /EXPIRED /EXPIRED /NOEXPIRED Modifies the time value specified with the /BEFORE or the /SINCE qualifier. The /EXPIRED qualifier selects files according to their expiration dates. (The expiration date is set with the SET FILE/EXPIRATION_DATE command.) The /EXPIRED qualifier is incompatible with the /BACKUP, /CREATED, and /MODIFIED qualifiers, which also allow you to select files according to time attributes. If you specify none of these four time qualifiers, the default is the /CREATED qualifier. /HOLD /HOLD /NOHOLD (default) Controls whether the job is made available for immediate processing. The /HOLD qualifier holds the job until it is released by the SET ENTRY/RELEASE or the SET ENTRY/NOHOLD command. /IDENTIFY /IDENTIFY (default) /NOIDENTIFY Displays the job name, the queue name, the entry number, and the status of the job when it is queued. /KEEP /KEEP /NOKEEP Controls whether the log file is deleted after it is printed; the /NOKEEP qualifier is the default unless the /NOPRINTER qualifier is specified. /LOG_FILE /LOG_FILE[=filespec] /NOLOG_FILE Names the log file. The asterisk (*) and the percent sign (%) wildcard characters are not allowed in the file specification. When you use the /LOG_FILE qualifier, the system writes the batch job's output to the file you specify. If you use the /NOLOG_FILE qualifier, no log file is created. By default, a log file is created, is written to the directory defined by the logical name SYS$LOGIN in the UAF, and is given the batch job's name as its file name with a file type of LOG. By default, a log file also is given the batch job's name as its file name with a file type of LOG. You can use the /LOG_FILE qualifier to write the log file to a different device. Logical names in the file specification are translated in the context of the process that submits the job. The process executing the batch job must have access to the device on which the log file will reside. If you omit the /LOG_FILE qualifier and specify the /NAME qualifier, the log file is written to a file having the same file name as that specified by the /NAME qualifier with the file type LOG. When you omit the /LOG_FILE qualifier, the job-name value used with the /NAME qualifier must be a valid file name. /MODIFIED /MODIFIED /NOMODIFIED Modifies the time value specified with the /BEFORE or the /SINCE qualifier. The /MODIFIED qualifier selects files according to the dates on which they were last modified. This qualifier is incompatible with the /BACKUP, /CREATED, and /EXPIRED qualifiers, which also allow you to select files according to time attributes. If you specify none of these four time modifiers, the default is the /CREATED qualifier. /NAME /NAME=job-name Names the job (and possibly the batch job log file). The job name must be 1 to 39 alphanumeric characters. If characters other than alphanumeric characters, underscores (_), or dollar signs ($) are used in the name, enclose the name in quotation marks (" "). The default job name is the name of the first file in the job. If you omit the /LOG_FILE qualifier, the job-name value must be a valid file name. The SHOW ENTRY and SHOW QUEUE/FULL commands display the job name. /NOTE /NOTE=text Specifies a message string of up to 255 characters. This message string appears as part of the display on a SHOW QUEUE/FULL command and can thus be used to convey information concerning a job. The message specified with the /NOTE qualifier is also printed on the flag page of the log file (if printed). /NOTIFY /NOTIFY /NONOTIFY (default) Controls whether a message is broadcast to your terminal session when the job is completed or aborted. /PARAMETERS /PARAMETERS=(parameter[,...]) Provides the values of up to eight optional parameters (equated to the symbols P1 to P8, respectively, for each command procedure in the job). The symbols are local to the specified command procedure. Commas (,) separate individual parameters. If you specify only one parameter, you can omit the parentheses. If the parameter contains spaces, special characters, or lowercase characters, enclose it in quotation marks. The size of the parameter can be from 1 to 255 characters. /PRINTER /PRINTER[=queue-name](default) /NOPRINTER Queues the job log file for printing when your job is completed. The /PRINTER qualifier allows you to specify a particular print queue; the default print queue is SYS$PRINT. If you specify the /NOPRINTER qualifier, the /KEEP qualifier is assumed. When batch and output queues are managed by the same queue manager, the queue manager checks to ensure that the queue specified on the SUBMIT/PRINTER command is an output queue and that the user has access to the output queue. These checks are not made if the batch queue specified by the SUBMIT command and the output queue specified by the /PRINTER qualifier are managed by different queue managers. If you explicitly specify an output queue for the log file when submitting a batch job, be sure the queue you specify with the /PRINTER qualifier is an output queue and not a batch queue. Also, be sure that you have access to the output queue. /PRIORITY /PRIORITY=n Requires OPER (operator) or ALTPRI (alter privilege) privilege to specify a priority greater than the queue's maximum scheduling priority. Specifies the job-scheduling priority for the batch job with respect to other jobs in the same queue. The value of n is an integer in the range of 0 to 255, where 0 is the lowest priority and 255 is the highest. The default value is the value of the system parameter DEFQUEPRI. No privilege is needed to set the priority lower than the queue's maximum scheduling priority, which is the value of the system parameter MAXQUEPRI. The /PRIORITY qualifier has no effect on the job's process execution priority. The job's process execution priority is determined by the base priority attribute of the INITIALIZE/QUEUE /BASE_PRIORITY command. /QUEUE /QUEUE=queue-name[:] Identifies the batch queue on which the job is entered. The default queue is SYS$BATCH. /REMOTE Queues the job to SYS$BATCH on the remote node specified. When you use the /REMOTE qualifier, you must include the node name in the file specification. Note that, unlike submitting a job on a local node, multiple command procedures queued by a single SUBMIT/REMOTE command are considered separate jobs. You can specify only the following qualifiers with the /REMOTE qualifier: /BACKUP /BEFORE /BY_OWNER /CONFIRM /CREATED /EXCLUDE /EXPIRED /MODIFIED /RETAIN /SINCE /RESTART /RESTART /NORESTART (default) Indicates whether the job restarts after a system failure or after a STOP/QUEUE/REQUEUE command. /RETAIN /RETAIN=option Specifies the circumstances under which you want your jobs to be retained in a queue. When a job is retained in the queue, you can issue the SHOW QUEUE command after the job completes to see the status of the job. Without job retention, no record of a job is left in a queue after a job completes. Use the following options to specify job retention: o ALWAYS--Holds the job in the queue regardless of the job's completion status. o DEFAULT--Holds the job in the queue as specified by the queue's retention policy. o ERROR--Holds the job in the queue only if the job completes unsuccessfully. o UNTIL=time-value--Holds the job in the queue for the specified length of time, regardless of the job's completion status. NOTE You cannot specify a /NORETAIN qualifier with the SUBMIT command (as system managers can with the commands INITIALIZE /QUEUE, START/QUEUE, and SET QUEUE). However, you can specify /RETAIN=DEFAULT with the SUBMIT command. The default option holds the job in the queue as specified by the queue's retention policy. If the system manager has not specified retention for the queue, the job is not retained. How Job Retention is Determined Although you can specify job retention options for your own jobs, the job retention option you specify may be overridden by the job retention option of the queue on which your job executed. If you submit or print a job to a generic queue, the generic queue's job retention setting may also override the job retention option you specify. This section describes how job retention is determined. An execution queue's job retention setting takes precedence over a generic queue's job retention setting. However, if the job's completion status does not match the job retention setting (if any) on the execution queue, then the generic queue's job retention setting attempts to control job retention. If the job's completion status does not match the job retention setting (if any) on the generic queue, then the user-specified job retention setting is used. Jobs submitted directly to execution queues are not affected by job retention settings on generic queues. If the execution queue's retention setting applies, the job is retained on the execution queue. Likewise, if the generic queue's retention setting applies, the job is retained on the generic queue. If the user-specified setting applies, the job is retained in the queue to which it was submitted. The following example illustrates how the queue manager determines job retention: Suppose you submit a job to a generic queue and specify /RETAIN=ALWAYS, and the job completes successfully. First, the queue manager compares the job's completion status to the execution queue's retention setting. Suppose the queue is set with /RETAIN=ERROR (retains only jobs that complete unsuccessfully). The job is not retained in the execution queue because the error condition was not met. The queue manager then compares the job's completion status to the generic queue's retention setting. Suppose the generic queue has no retention setting. The queue manager's comparison again fails to retain the job. Finally, the queue manager compares the job's completion status to the retention setting you specified for the job. This comparison reveals that the job should be retained. Because the user-specified setting leads the queue manager to retain the job, the job is held in the queue to which the job was submitted-in this case, the generic queue. For more information on types of queues, see the INITIALIZE/QUEUE command. For more information on setting retention options for queues, see the INITIALIZE/QUEUE, START/QUEUE, or SET QUEUE command. Timed Retention Timed retention, which you specify using the UNTIL=time-value option, allows you to retain a job in the queue only as long as you need it. This eliminates the need to delete the job from the queue later. For example, the following command retains the job MYFILE in the queue until 7:31 on December 14, when the job will automatically be deleted from the queue. $ SUBMIT/RETAIN=UNTIL=14-DEC-1994:07:31:0.0 MYFILE.COM However, depending on the queue's job retention policy, the job might be retained indefinitely. The job retention policy set on the queue takes precedence over the user-specified job retention setting. Because system managers cannot specify timed job retention for a queue, any jobs retained as a result of a queue's setting are retained indefinitely. If you specify the /RETAIN=UNTIL=time-value option, you must supply a time value. The time value is first interpreted as a delta time, then as a combination time, and finally as an absolute time. If you specify a delta time, the delta begins when the job completes. For example, if you specify SUBMIT /RETAIN=UNTIL="3:00", the job will be retained for three hours after the job completes. For information on specifying time values, see the OpenVMS User's Manual. /SINCE /SINCE[=time] /NOSINCE Selects only those files dated after the specified time. You can specify time as absolute time, as a combination of absolute and delta times, or as one of the following keywords: BOOT, LOGIN, TODAY (default), TOMORROW, or YESTERDAY. Specify one of the following qualifiers with the /SINCE qualifier to indicate the time attribute to be used as the basis for selection: /BACKUP, /CREATED (default), /EXPIRED, or /MODIFIED. For complete information on specifying time values, see the OpenVMS User's Manual or the topic SPECIFY Date_Time in online help. /USER /USER=username Requires CMKRNL (change mode to kernel) privilege and read (R) and write (W) access to the user authorization file (UAF). Allows you to submit a job on behalf of another user. The job runs exactly as if that user had submitted it. The job runs under that user's user name and user identification code (UIC), and accounting information is logged to that user's account. By default, the user identification comes from the requesting process. The username qualifier value can be any user name that is validated on your system. The name must be 1 to 12 alphanumeric characters. /WSDEFAULT /WSDEFAULT=n Defines for a batch job a working set default, the default number of physical pages that the job can use. If the queue on which the job executes has a nonzero default working set, the smaller of the specified job and queue values is used. If the queue on which the job executes has a working set default of 0, the smaller of the specified job and UAF values (value established in the user authorization file) is used. Specify the value of n as a number of 512-byte pagelets on Alpha or 512-byte pages on VAX. Note that OpenVMS systems round up this value to the nearest CPU-specific page so that actual amount of physical memory allowed may be larger than the specified amount on Alpha. If you specify the value 0 or NONE, the specified queue or UAF value is used. Working set default values must range between the numbers specified by the system parameters PQL_MWSDEFAULT and WSMAX. /WSEXTENT /WSEXTENT=n Defines for the batch job a working set extent, the maximum amount of physical memory that the job can use. The job uses the maximum amount of physical memory only when the system has excess free pages. If the queue on which the job executes has a nonzero working set extent, the smaller of the specified job and queue values is used. If the queue on which the job executes has a working set extent of 0, the smaller of the specified job and the value established in the user authorization file (UAF) is used. Specify the value of n as a number of 512-byte pagelets on Alpha or 512-byte pages on VAX. Note that OpenVMS systems round up this value to the nearest CPU-specific page so that actual amount of physical memory allowed may be larger than the specified amount on Alpha. If you specify the value 0 or NONE, the specified queue or UAF value is used. Working set extent values must range between the numbers specified by the system parameters PQL_MWSEXTENT and WSMAX. /WSQUOTA /WSQUOTA=n Defines for the batch job a working set quota, the amount of physical memory that the job is guaranteed. If the queue on which the job executes has a nonzero working set quota, the smaller of the specified job and queue values is used. If the queue on which the job executes has a working set quota of 0, the smaller of the specified job or the value established in the user authorization file (UAF) is used. Specify the value of n as a number of 512-byte pagelets on Alpha or 512-byte pages on VAX. Note that OpenVMS systems round up this value to the nearest CPU-specific page so that actual amount of physical memory allowed may be larger than the specified amount on Alpha. If you specify the value 0 or NONE, the specified queue or UAF value is used. Working set quota values must range between the numbers specified by the system parameters PQL_MWSQUOTA and WSMAX. 2 Examples 1.$ SUBMIT /PARAMETERS=(TXT,DOC,MEM) BACKUP, AVERAGE, RUNMASTER Job BACKUP (queue SYS$BATCH, entry 416) pending In this example, the SUBMIT command enters three command procedures in a single job. The job is given three parameters: P1 is equated to the string TXT, P2 to the string DOC, and P3 to the string MEM. After the procedure BACKUP.COM is executed, the procedures AVERAGE.COM and RUNMASTER.COM are executed. 2.$ SUBMIT/NAME=BATCH24/HOLD TESTALL Job BATCH24 (queue SYS$BATCH, entry 467) holding In this example, the SUBMIT command enters the procedure TESTALL.COM as a batch job and specifies that the job be held for later processing. The job is not released until the SET ENTRY/RELEASE command is entered. The /NAME qualifier requests that the batch job be identified as BATCH24. 3.$ SUBMIT TEST.COM Job TEST (queue SYS$BATCH, entry 493) pending $ BATCH_JOB = $ENTRY . . . $ DELETE/ENTRY='BATCH_JOB' In this command sequence, the $ENTRY symbol is used to refer to a particular job in the queue file. The SUBMIT command creates a batch job to run the command procedure TEST.COM. In addition, the SUBMIT command defines $ENTRY as a local symbol whose value is the entry number of the job (493 in this example). The second statement assigns the value $ENTRY to the local symbol BATCH_JOB. The last line of the example deletes the job by using the symbol BATCH_JOB to identify it. 4.$ DEFINE JUNE WORKZ:[JONES]ANNUAL_REPORT.COM $ SUBMIT JUNE Job ANNUAL_REPORT (queue SYS$BATCH, entry 229) started on ZOO_BATCH In this example, the logical name JUNE is created and equated to ANNUAL_REPORT.COM with the DEFINE command. Using the logical name JUNE, the user submits ANNUAL_REPORT.COM to the batch queue. Note that the system translates the logical name JUNE to ANNUAL_REPORT.COM before ANNUAL_REPORT.COM is submitted to the batch queue. Also, the log file produced is named ANNUAL_REPORT.COM rather than JUNE.COM. Note also that the job is submitted to the generic queue SYS$BATCH, but runs on the execution queue ZOO_BATCH.

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