1 OPENOpens a file for reading, writing, or both; assigns a logical name to a file; and places the name in the process logical name table. See the qualifier descriptions for restrictions. Format OPEN logical-name[:] filespec 2 Parameters logical-name[:] Specifies the logical name and a character string to be assigned to the file. filespec Specifies the name of the file or device being opened for input or output. The file type defaults to DAT. The asterisk (*) and the percent sign (%) wildcard characters are not allowed. To create a new, sequential file, specify the /WRITE qualifier. See the description of the /WRITE qualifier for more information. 2 Qualifiers /APPEND Opens an existing file for writing and positions the record pointer at the end-of-file (EOF). New records are added to the end of the file. Only sequential files allow more than one user to append records concurrently. Use the /APPEND qualifier only to add records to an existing file. The /APPEND and the /WRITE qualifiers are mutually exclusive. /ERROR /ERROR=label Transfers control to the location specified by the label keyword (in a command procedure) if the open operation results in an error. The error routine specified for this qualifier overrides any ON condition action specified. If the /ERROR qualifier is not specified, the current ON condition action is taken. If an error occurs and the target label is successfully given control, the global symbol $STATUS retains the code for the error that caused the error path to be taken. /READ /READ (default) Opens the file for reading. If you specify the /READ qualifier without the /WRITE qualifier, you must specify an existing file. /SHARE /SHARE[=option] Opens the specified file as a shareable file to allow other users read or write access. If you specify the /SHARE=READ qualifier, other users are allowed read (R) access to the file, but not write (W) access. If you specify the /SHARE=WRITE or the /SHARE qualifier with no option, users are allowed read and write access to the specified file. If the /SHARE qualifier is not present, other users are allowed only read access to the specified file. /WRITE Opens the file for writing. The following restrictions apply to the /WRITE qualifier: o Use the /WRITE qualifier to open and create a new, sequential file. If the file specification on an OPEN/WRITE command does not include a file version number, and if a file with the specified file name and file type already exists, a new file with a version number one greater than the existing file is created. o Use the /READ qualifier with the /WRITE qualifier to open an existing file. When the file is opened, the pointer is positioned to the beginning of the file. (This differs from OPEN/APPEND, which positions the pointer at the end of the file.) You cannot use OPEN/READ/WRITE to create a new file. o The /WRITE and the /APPEND qualifiers are mutually exclusive. 2 Examples 1.$ OPEN INPUT_FILE AVERAGE.DAT $ READ_LOOP: $ READ/END_OF_FILE=ENDIT INPUT_FILE NUM . . . $ GOTO READ_LOOP $ ENDIT: $ CLOSE INPUT_FILE The OPEN command opens the file named AVERAGE.DAT as an input file and assigns it the logical name INPUT_FILE. The file is opened with read access because the /READ qualifier is present by default. The READ command reads a record from the logical file INPUT_FILE into the symbol named NUM. The procedure executes the lines between the labels READ_LOOP and ENDIT until the end of the file is reached. At the end of the file, the CLOSE command closes the file. 2.$ OPEN/WRITE/ERROR=OPEN_ERROR OUTPUT_FILE TEMP.OUT $ COUNT = 0 $ WRITE_LOOP: $ COUNT = COUNT + 1 $ IF COUNT .EQ. 11 THEN GOTO ENDIT $ WRITE OUTPUT_FILE "Count is ''COUNT'." . . . $ GOTO WRITE_LOOP $ ENDIT: $ CLOSE OUTPUT_FILE $ EXIT $ $ OPEN_ERROR: $ WRITE SYS$OUTPUT "Cannot open file TEMP.OUT" $ EXIT The OPEN command with the /WRITE qualifier creates the file TEMP.OUT and assigns it the logical name OUTPUT_FILE. TEMP.OUT is a sequential file. The /ERROR qualifier specifies that if any error occurs while opening the file, the command interpreter should transfer control to the line at the label OPEN_ERROR. The command procedure writes records to the file TEMP.OUT until the symbol COUNT equals 11. 3.$ OPEN/READ INPUT_FILE TRNTO::DBA0:[COST]INVENTORY.DAT $ READ_LOOP: $ READ/END_OF_FILE=ENDIT INPUT_FILE NUM $ FIRST_CHAR = F$EXTRACT(0,1,NUM) $ WRITE SYS$OUTPUT FIRST_CHAR $ GOTO READ_LOOP $ ENDIT: $ CLOSE INPUT_FILE This command procedure opens the file INVENTORY.DAT located at remote node TRNTO as an input file, and assigns it the logical name INPUT_FILE. The READ command reads a record from the logical file INPUT_FILE into the symbol named NUM. The next two commands extract the first character from the record and write the character to the SYS$OUTPUT device. These two steps occur for all records in the file until the procedure reaches the end-of-file (EOF). At this point, the CLOSE command closes the file and deassigns the logical name INPUT_FILE.